In Spanish, adjectives are words that are used to describe or identify a person or thing (tall – alto, famous –famoso, red –rojo, etc.). Some adjectives are used to limit the word they modify, while others are used to indicate the possessor. Finally, a few are used to clarify the non-existence of a noun or to phrase a question.
Many of the most common Spanish adjectives end in –o and have the following four forms:
–o, –os, –a, –as
- Mucho, muchos
- Bonita, bonitas
Some adjectives end in the vowel –e. These adjectives have only two forms, singular and plural. To form the plural of an adjective ending in –e, add an –s.
- Grande, grandes
- Inteligente, inteligentes
Most adjectives that end in a consonant have only two forms, singular and plural. To form the plural add –es.
- El libro azul – the blue book
- Los libros azules – the blue books
- La casa azul – the blue house
- Las casas azules – the blue houses
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