The Basics of Spanish Nouns, Articles and Adjectives
A noun is a person, place or thing and in Spanish, all nouns are either masculine or feminine. In Spanish, the definite article (for example in English, the) agrees with the gender of the noun (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural). Some examples of definite articles are el, la. los, and las.
Masculine nouns that are singular in gender take on the definite article el. Tip: most nouns that end in –o are masculine. Try to pronounce the words below aloud.
However, there are many nouns that do not end in –o; therefore, you should attempt to learn their definite articles as you learn the nouns. Here are some examples.
Feminine singular nouns use the definite article la. Tip: most nouns that are feminine end in –a. Nouns that end in –ción, sión, -dad, -tad, or –tud are also feminine. Try to pronounce the words below aloud.
There are some nouns that can be masculine or feminine like those that end in –ista,(artista) or –nte.(estudiante). Tip: the article should indicate the gender of the noun.